MESSENGER (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging) is a NASA-sponsored scientific investigation of the planet Mercury and the first space mission designed to orbit the planet closest to the Sun. As the MESSENGER spacecraft orbited the tiny planet, the probe pinpointed the poles that Mercury rotates around. MESSENGER was launched on August 3, 2004, and it began orbiting Mercury on March 18, 2011.
The research is described in a paper published March 15 in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. Like Earth, this new planet, Kepler-90i, is the third rock from its sun. Mercury is an extreme among the rocky planets and the smallest planet in our solar system, the planet is whipped by solar wind’s surface. Its iron core makes up about 65 per cent of Mercury’s total mass; Earth. On its surface, Mercury is a planet of extremes, vacillating between hot days of about 430 degrees Celsius (more than 800 degrees Fahrenheit) to super-frosty nights of minus 180C (minus 290F).
New research uncovered a small body that scientists think is a heavy metal piece of a destroyed planet’s core. But the planetesimal’s iron-loaded composition, Manser says it was either pushed toward the white dwarf through interactions with giant planets or a super-earth and partly destroyed, or it was “broken apart in a planet-planet collision, producing a core-like asteroid similar to 16 psyche in our own solar system” , before migrating in.
Since then, the European Space Agency has also rendezvoused with a space rock, visiting the comet 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko in 2014. Sean Solomon, writing in Science last year, described the surprise when Mariner 10 detected the magnetic field: 3, 2014 and arrived above the Ryugu asteroid three years later. Looks like old mercury has taken a fair hammering over the years. If we have at our fingertips the starting materials of planet formation from 4.6 billion years ago.
Therefore, these interplanetary dust particles survived from the time before formation of the planetary bodies in the Solar System, and provide insight into the chemistry of those ancient building blocks. Scientists believe that the small Kuiper Belt objects are considered a “feedstock” from which the planets formed from some of the material that collapsed.
Perhaps the asteroid belt has more small object in detail. In 1955, pluto was calculated to be roughly 10 times the mass of earth – a super-earth. This means that Ceres, the first asteroid even though it has been reclassified as a dwarf planet.
The core may also be softer than before thought. It may be no surprise, but Japan space agency scientists and engineers are nonetheless thrilled by the images being sent to Earth by two jumping robotic rovers that they dropped onto an asteroid about 280 million kilometers (170 million miles) away.
The sun and terrestrial planets are at the center. 39 and 4.2 AU. Gas giants are found between 5 and 30 AU, and the Kuiper Belt (composed of thousands of icy objects, including Pluto) ranges from 30 to 50 AU. Both objects are now near their closest approach to the Sun (perihelion). Sheppard and Trujillo suggest a Super Earth or an even larger object. The planet has a mass that is nearly six times that of Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system.
New Horizons beats Voyager 1’s Record for being farthest from Earth while capturing images. These tiny, alternating shifts represent the fingerprint of a star that is moving alternately toward and away from Earth as it wobbles in space responding to the gravitational pull of an orbiting planet. This eighth planet orbits the star known as Kepler-90. However, for smaller craters the abundance falls off dramatically, and so by implication must the abundance of the Kuiper Belt objects capable of making those craters.
This is the only eight planet solar system found like ours. It is 2,545 light-years away; a light-year is 5.8 trillion miles. Inner core shear waves are so tiny and feeble they can’t be observed directly, according to the study published in the journal Science.
Image Credits: MESSENGER at Mercury. NASA